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Brendan Carvalho

Academic Appointments

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine at the Stanford University Medical Center

Key Documents

Contact Information

Professional Overview


Dr. Carvalho is the Chief of Obstetric Anesthesia and Associate MCL Professor in the Department of Anesthesiology, Stanford University Medical Center, California. He received his medical degree from the University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa; obtained his FRCA from the Royal College of Anaesthetists, United Kingdom; and completed an Obstetric Anesthesia fellowship at Stanford University, California. Dr. Carvalho has published extensively in the field of Obstetric Anesthesia with over 100 peer-reviewed articles, editorials, reviews, book chapters, and commentaries. He has received several NIH, pharmaceutical and institutional grants, and won a number of research awards including Best Research Paper at the Society of Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology (SOAP), the Obstetric Anaesthetists’ Association (OAA) and the Canadian Anesthesiologists Society (CSA) annual scientific meetings. Dr. Carvalho serves on a number of committees in SOAP, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), and Stanford Medical Center and Stanford University Medical School. He serves on several journal editorial boards including International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia, and is an ad-hoc reviewer for over 10 medical journals. Dr. Carvalho has won the Teacher of the Year award at SOAP and at Stanford University’s Departments of Anesthesia. He has presented at over 90 regional, national, and international meetings as well as being invited to several visiting professorships. His current scholarly activities are focused on clinical and translational research in the field of cesarean and labor analgesia and perinatal pharmacology.

Clinical Focus

  • Anesthesia
  • Anesthesia, Obstetrical
  • Anesthesia, Regional

Academic Appointments

Professional Education

Residency: St Thomas Hospital, England (1999)
Internship: Groote Schuur Hospital, South Africa (1995)
Fellowship: Stanford University, Obstetric Anesthesia (2002)
Residency: Southwest School of Anesthesia, England (2001)
Medical Education: University of Witwatersrand, South Africa (1994)



Scientific Focus

Current Research and Scholarly Interests

I have completed research in a number of important areas in obstetric anesthesia including: optimizing neuraxial techniques for labor and cesarean analgesia; predicting individual labor and cesarean pain and analgesic needs; evaluating pregnancy-induced and hormonal changes in pain perception; determining the role of cytokines and other biochemical mediators in incisional wounds; evaluating local anesthetic potency and anesthetic requirements during labor and cesarean delivery; determining epidural and spinal opioid applications and the role of long-acting neuraxial opioids in obstetric pain management; investigating peripartum hemostatic and coagulation changes; conducting cost-analyses of various obstetric anesthesia practices; optimizing the management of maternal cardiac arrest and other obstetrical emergencies; determining patient attitudes and ethnic preferences towards obstetric analgesia; determining the efficacy of peripheral wound drug administration; and pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of drugs administered to pregnant women.
My current area of research focus is in developing novel ways of improving post-cesarean and peripartum labor pain management, and developing detailed pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics models of key antenatal medications.


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Publication Topics

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